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|THE CUSTOMS AND EXCISE (ANTI-DUMPING AND COUNTERVAILING MEASURES) REGULATIONS, 1999.|
|SIXTH SCHEDULE FORM OF WARRANT OF DISTRESS.||THE CUSTOMS AND EXCISE (ANTI-DUMPING AND COUNTERVAILING MEASURES) REGULATIONS, 1999.|
1. These Regulations may be cited as the Customs and Excise (Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Measures) Regulations, 1999.
2. In these Regulations -
- Committee - means the Advisory Committee appointed by the Minister under section 125 of the Act, for the purpose of investigating allegations of injurious dumping or subsidization of the goods exported to
- Court - means the High Court of Kenya;
- definitive measure - means any measure the imposition of which leads to the conclusion of an investigation by the Committee;
- domestic investigated product - means goods or products produced in
- dumping margin - means the difference between the export price and the normal price;
- export price - means the price paid or payable for export into
- initiation - means the procedural action by which the committee, upon instruction of the Minister, formally commences an investigation in accordance with these regulations;
- interested parties - means -
- investigated country - means the country of origin or export of the investigated product;
- investigated product - means the goods or products imported into
- normal value - means the price comparable to the export price, in the ordinary course of trade, for the investigated product when destined for consumption in the investigated country;
- provisional measure - means any measure, either in the form of a provisional duty, a security, a duty guaranteed by a cash deposit or a bond equal to the provisionally estimated margin of dumping or amount of subsidization.
PART II - THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE
3. (1) The Advisory Committee shall comprise five members of
(2) The Minister shall designate one of the members under subparagraph (a) of paragraph (1) to be chairman of the Committee.
(3) The Committee may co-opt into its membership such other persons as it may deem necessary for the performance of its functions under these Regulations.
(4) A member of the Committee shall hold office for a term of three years but shall be eligible for reappointment for one further term of three years.
(5) The members of the Committee shall be paid such remuneration, during the period of an investigation, as the Minister may approve.
4. (1) The Committee shall be convened by the Minister for purposes of conducting an investigation upon receipt by the Minister of a written application therefor in accordance with these Regulations.
(2) The Committee shall stand adjourned upon the satisfactory conclusion of an investigation and after a decision on the measures to be taken thereon under these Regulations has been made.
5. The Committee shall recommend to the Minister the imposition of anti-dumping or countervailing measures on investigated products imported into Kenya when it determines, pursuant to an investigation initiated and conducted in accordance with these regulations, that -
the imported investigated products are, through the effects of dumping or subsidization, causing injury or threat of material injury to a Kenyan industry; and there exists a casual link between the injury to the
6. (1) An investigation under these Regulations shall be initiated by the Minister upon receipt by him of an application in writing made by or on behalf of the Kenyan Industry.
(2) An application under these regulations shall be deemed to be made by or on behalf of the
(a) it is supported by Kenyan producers whose collective output of the investigated product constitutes more than fifty per cent of the total production; or
(b) the Kenyan producers expressly supporting the application account for not less than twenty-five per cent of the total production of the investigated product produced by the Kenyan industry.
7. An application under these Regulations shall -
(a) specify the identity of the applicant;
(b) be supported by evidence of dumping or subsidization, injury and a causal link between the dumped or subsidized imports and the alleged injury; and
(c) be accompanied by such information as is reasonably available to the applicant on -
i) the volume and value of the Kenyan production of the domestic investigated product by the applicant;
ii) the industry on behalf of which the application is made accompanied by a list of all known Kenyan producers or associations of producers of the domestic investigated product;
iii) a description of the volume and value of the Kenyan production of the investigated product accounted for by such producers;
iv) a complete description of the alleged dumped or subsidized imported investigated product, the name of the country of origin or export, the identity of each known exporter or foreign producer and a list of known importers of the investigated product;
v) the normal value of the investigated product;
vi) the prices at which the product is sold from the investigated country to a third country or countries or the constructed value;
vii) the export prices or where appropriate, the prices at which the product shall be resold if first resold to an independent buyer in
viii) the growth of the volume of the allegedly dumped or subsidized imports, the effect of these imports on prices of the domestic investigated product in the Kenyan market, and the consequent impact of the imports on the Kenyan industry.
8. (1) Where the Minister decides to initiate an investigation, the Committee shall notify all interested parties of the intended investigation:
Provided that where the interested party is the government of an exporting country, the Minister shall issue the notification.
(2) A notification made under paragraph (1) shall indicate -
9. The Committee shall not make public any application made under these Regulations unless a decision to initiate an investigation has been made.
10. (1) An applicant may, at any time, apply to the Committee for withdrawal of an application under regulation 6.
(2) Where the application is withdrawn prior to initiation of an investigation, such application shall be deemed not to have been made in the first instance.
(3) Where the application for withdrawal is made after initiation of the investigation, the Minister may, upon the advice of the Committee as to whether it is in the interest of
11. (1) The investigation conducted by the Committee under these Regulations shall cover a period of one year immediately preceding the date of initiation of the investigations, and shall except in special circumstances, be concluded within a period of not more than eighteen months from the date of initiation thereof.
(2) An investigation under these Regulations shall not interfere with the procedures of customs clearance of the investigated product.
(3) After the conclusion of the investigation and adoption of measures under these regulations, no additional penalties, other than those required for the application of those measures, shall be applied.
12. Where the committee is satisfied, upon good cause shown, that any information submitted to it in the course of an investigation should not be disclosed on the grounds that -
(i) its disclosure would be of advantage to a competitor of the producer of the investigated product; or
(ii) its disclosure would have an adverse effect upon the person supplying the information or upon such person - s informant; or
(iii) it is provided on a confidential basis by parties to an investigation,
(iv) the committee shall treat such information as confidential during and after the investigation and shall not disclose it without the specific permission of the parties submitting it.
13. The Committee may carry out such investigations as may be necessary to verify information provided to it or to obtain further details of the same;
consent of the producers of the investigated products and the governments of the respective countries.
14. (1) Where at any time during an investigation, any interested party refuses or fails to provide necessary information within the period of time prescribed by the Committee or otherwise impedes the investigation, the Committee may reach preliminary or final determination on the basis of the information available:
(2) All interested parties and, in the case of countervailing duties investigations, all exporting countries, shall be entitled to appear and be heard before the Committee at all times during an investigation.
15. (1) The Committee shall establish the normal value of the investigated product on the basis of the price paid or payable, in the ordinary course of trade, in the country of export:
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), sales made to related customers shall not be considered as made in the ordinary course of trade unless it is demonstrated to the Committee that such sales are made at arm's length.
16. (1) Where -
(a) there are no sales of the investigated product in the ordinary course of trade in the domestic market of the exporting country; or
(b) such sales do not permit a proper comparison because of the particular market situation or the low volume of the sales in the domestic market of the exporting country,
the Committee shall determine the normal value either -
(i) by comparison with a comparable price of the investigated product when exported to an appropriate third country where such price is representative; or
(ii) by comparison with the cost of production in the country of origin plus a reasonable amount for administrative, sale and any other costs for profits:
(2) A price shall be considered as representative under this regulation when the sales of the investigated product in a third country constitute less than five per cent of the sales of the product into
17. (1) The Committee may treat sales of the investigated product in the domestic market of the exporting country or sales to a third country at prices below fixed and variable per unit costs of production plus sale, general and administrative costs as not being in the ordinary course of trade by reason of price and may disregard such sales in determining normal value where the Committee determines that such sales were made -
(a) within a period of six months or more;
(b) in substantial quantities; and
(c) at prices which do not provide for the recovery of all costs within a reasonable period of time, in which case the Committee shall determine in each case what should be considered as a reasonable period of time for the recovery of all costs.
(2) For the purposes of this regulation, sales below per unit cost shall be considered as made in substantial quantities where -
(a) the weighted average selling price of the transactions under consideration for the determination of the normal value is below the weighted average unit costs; or
(b) the volume of sales below per unit costs represents twenty per cent or more of the volume sold in transactions under consideration for the determination of the normal value.
18. (1) In making a comparison between export price and normal value, the Committee shall make due allowance in each case, on its merits, for differences which affect price comparability, including differences in -
(a) conditions and terms of sale;
(c) levels of trade;
(e) physical characteristics; and
(f) any other differences which may be demonstrated by interested parties to the satisfaction of the Committee as affecting price comparability.
(2) The Committee shall, in cases where the export price is constructed on the basis of the price at which the imported products are first resold to an independent buyer, make allowances for costs, including duties and taxes, incurred between importation and resale, and for profits arising from importation and distribution.
19. (1) Where the price comparison requires a conversion of currencies, the Committee shall make such conversion using the rate of exchange on the date of sale as available from the exporter or from commercial banks in the country of export.
(2) The date of sale shall be the date on which the material terms of the sale, inter alia, the nature of the products, quantities and price are established, either in a contract, a purchase order, an order confirmation or an invoice.
20. Where the Committee upon investigations conducted in accordance with these Regulations finds that the investigated product is introduced into the Kenyan market at a price below its normal value, the Committee shall conclude that such product is dumped into the Kenyan market.
21. (1) The Committee shall, in ascertaining the volume of dumped imports, consider whether there has been an increase of the imports, either in absolute terms or relative to production or consumption of such imports.
(2) In determining the effect of dumped imports on prices in the Kenyan market, the committee shall ascertain -
(a) whether there has been a price undercutting of the dumped imports as compared to the price of the domestic investigated product;
(b) whether the effect of such imports depresses prices to a significant degree or prevents to a significant degree, price increases which otherwise would have occurred, or adversely impacts on products of the investigated product in
(c) whether there is an actual and potential decline in sales, profits, output, market share, productivity, return on investments, or utilization of capacity;
(d) the factors affecting prices of the investigated product in
(e) the magnitude of the margin of dumping; and
(f) the actual and potential negative effects of cash flow, inventories, employment, wages growth and ability to raise capital on investment.
(4) In this regulation, the expression - related - has the meaning assigned to it under Appendix C of the Seventh Schedule to the Act.
22. (1) In determining the existence of a threat or material injury, the Committee shall consider -
(a) whether there exists a rate of increase of dumped imports into the Kenyan market which indicates the likelihood of a substantial increase in importation;
(b) whether there is a large volume of goods disposable at low prices, or an imminent, substantial increase in the capacity of the exporter, indicating the likelihood of increased dumped exports in Kenya - s market;
(c) whether imports are entering the Kenyan market at prices that are likely to have a depressing effect on Kenyan prices and to increase demand for further imports; and
(2) Where the conclusion from a consideration of the factors enumerated in paragraph (1) in the positive, the Committee shall make a finding that the dumped imports present a threat of material injury to the Kenyan market and recommend the imposition of protective measures.
23. Where the Committee determines, on the basis of the application or of other information available to it, that -
(a) imports of the investigated product from the country of export into Kenya represent less than three per cent of the imports of the investigated product into Kenya, unless the countries under investigation which individually account for less than three per cent of the import of the product into Kenya collectively account for more than seven per cent of the imports of that product;
(b) the margin of dumping is less than two per cent, expressed as a percentage of the export price; or
(c) the injury to the Kenyan industry is negligible; or
(d) where the investigation relates to allegations of subsidization -
i) that the amount of subsidy is less than one per cent ad valorem; or
ii) that the volume of the subsidized imports represents less than three per cent of imports of the investigated product into Kenya, unless the countries under investigation which individually account for less than three per cent of the import of the product into Kenya collectively account for more than seven per cent of the imports of the investigated product into Kenya; or
iii) that the injury suffered by the Kenyan industry is negligible;
iv) that the volume of the subsidized imports represents less than four per cent of the total imports of the investigated product into Kenya, except where imports from developing countries whose individual share of total imports represents less than four per cent collectively account for more than nine per cent or more of the total imports of the investigated product into Kenya,
the committee shall not advise the Minister to initiate an investigation under these Regulations.
EXAMPLES OF EXPORT SUBSIDIES
(a) The provision by governments of direct subsidies to a firm or an industry contingent upon export performance.
(b) Currency retention schemes or any similar practices which involve a bonus on exports.
(c) Internal transport and freight charges on export shipments, provided or mandated by governments, on terms more favourable than for domestic shipments.
(d) The provision by governments or their agencies either directly or indirectly through government-mandated schemes, of imported or domestic products or services for use in the production of exported goods, on terms or conditions more favourable than for provision of similar or directly competitive products or services for use in the production of goods for domestic consumption, if (in the case of products) such terms or conditions are more favourable than those commercially available on world markets to their exporters.
(e) The full or partial exception, remission, or deferral specifically related to exports, of direct taxes or social welfare charges paid or payable by industrial or commercial enterprises.
(f) The allowance of special deductions directly related to exports or export performance, over and above those granted in respect of production for domestic consumption, in the calculation of the base on which taxes are charged.
(g) The exemption or remission, in respect of the production and distribution of exported products, of indirect taxes in excess of those levied in respect of the production and distribution of like products when sold for domestic consumption.
(h) The exemption, remission or deferral of prior-stag cumulative indirect taxes on goods on services used in the production of exported products in excess of the exemption, remission or deferral of like prior-stage cumulative taxes on goods or services used in the production of like products when sold for domestic consumption:
(i) The remission or drawback of imports charges in excess of those levied on imported inputs that are consumed in production of the exported product (making normal allowance for waste); provided, however, that in particular cases a firm may use a quantity of home market inputs equal to, and having the same quality and characteristics as, the imported inputs as a substitute for them in order to benefit from this provision if the import and the corresponding export operations both occur within a reasonable time period, not to exceed two years.
(j) The provision by governments of export credit guarantee or insurance programmes of insurance or guarantee programmes against increases in the cost of exported products or of exchange risk programmes, at premium rates which are inadequate to cover the long-term operating costs and losses of the programmes.
(k) The grant by government of export credits at rates below those which they actually have to pay for a the funds so employed (or would have to pay if they borrowed on international capital markets in order to contain funds of the same maturity and other credit terms and denominated in the same currency at the export credit), or the payments by them of all or part of the costs incurred by exports or financial institutions in obtaining credits, in so far as they are used to secure a material advantage in the field of export credit terms:
Provided, however, that if a member of the World trade Organization is a party to an international undertaking on official export credits to which at lease twelve original such members are parties as of the 1st January, 1979, (or a successor undertaking which has been adopted by such original members), or if in practice such a member applied the interest rates provisions of the relevant undertaking, an export credit practice which is in conformity with those provisions shall not be considered an export subsidy.
(l) Any other charge on the public account constituting an export subsidy in the sense of Article XVI of