Point in Time
Act No: CAP. 8
Act Title: JUDICATURE
[ Date of commencement: 1st August, 1967. ]
[ Date of assent: 4th July, 1967. ]
1.
Short title

This Act may be cited as the Judicature Act.

3.
Mode of exercise of jurisdiction
(1)

The jurisdiction of the High Court, the Court of Appeal and of all subordinate courts shall be exercised in conformity with—

(a)

the Constitution;

(b)

subject thereto, all other written laws, including the Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom cited in Part I of the Schedule to this Act, modified in accordance with Part II of that Schedule;

(c)

subject thereto and so far as those written laws do not extend or apply, the substance of the common law, the doctrines of equity and the statutes of general application in force in England on the 12th August, 1897, and the procedure and practice observed in courts of justice in England at that date:

Provided that the said common law, doctrines of equity and statutes of general application shall apply so far only as the circumstances of Kenya and its inhabitants permit and subject to such qualifications as those circumstances may render necessary.

(2)

The High Court, the Court of Appeal and all subordinate courts shall be guided by African customary law in civil cases in which one or more of the parties is subject to it or affected by it, so far as it is applicable and is not repugnant to justice and morality or inconsistent with any written law, and shall decide all such cases according to substantial justice without undue regard to technicalities of procedure and without undue delay.

4.
High Court is court of admiralty
(1)

The High Court shall be a court of admiralty, and shall exercise admiralty jurisdiction in all matters arising on the high seas, or in territorial waters, or upon any lake or other navigable inland waters in Kenya.

(2)

The admiralty jurisdiction of the High Court shall be exercisable—

(a)

over and in respect of the same persons, things and matters; and

(b)

in the same manner and to the same extent; and

(c)

in accordance with the same procedure,

as in the High Court in England, and shall be exercised in conformity with international laws and the comity of nations.

(3)

In the exercise of its admiralty jurisdiction, the High Court may exercise all the powers which it possesses for the purpose of its other civil jurisdiction.

(4)

An appeal shall lie from any judgment, order or decision of the High Court in the exercise of its admiralty jurisdiction within the same time and in the same manner as an appeal from a decree of the High Court under Part VII of the Civil Procedure Act (Cap. 21).

6.
Protection of judges and officers

No judge or magistrate, and no other person acting judicially, shall be liable to be sued in a civil court for an act done or ordered by him in the discharge of his judicial duty, whether or not within the limits of his jurisdiction, provided he, at the time, in good faith believed himself to have jurisdiction to do or order the act complained of; and no officer of a court or other person bound to execute the lawful warrants, orders or other process of a judge or such person shall be liable to be sued in any court for the execution of a warrant, order or process which he would have been bound to execute if within the jurisdiction of the person issuing it.

10.
Rules

The Chief Justice may make rules of court for regulating the practice and procedure of the High Court and, subject to any other written law, that of subordinate courts, and the power to make rules under this section shall include the power to prescribe fees and scales of remuneration.

11.

[Spent].

SCHEDULE
[Section 3(1)(b), Act No. 8 of 1968, Sch.]
PART I

The Admiralty Offences (Colonial) Act 1849.

The Evidence Act 1851, sections 7 and 11.

The Foreign Tribunals Evidence Act 1856.

The Evidence by Commission Act 1859.

The British Law Ascertainment Act 1859.

The Admiralty Offences (Colonial) Act 1860.

The Foreign Law Ascertainment Act 1861.

The Conveyancing (Scotland) Act 1874, section 51.

The Evidence by Commission Act 1885.

PART II

1.

The President shall replace the Governor, and a magistrate holding a subordinate court of the first class shall replace a Magistrate or Justice of the Peace.

2.

Where under the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894 anything is authorized to be done by, to or before a British Consular Officer, such thing may be done by, to or before a public officer appointed for the purpose by the Minister.

3.

In section 51 of the Conveyancing (Scotland) Act, 1874, the High Court shall replace a Court of Probate.