Point in Time
Act No: No. 30 of 2012
Act Title: PREVENTION OF TERRORISM
[ Date of commencement: 24th October, 2012. ]
[ Date of assent: 12th October, 2012. ]
Arrangement of Sections
PART I – PRELIMINARY
1.
Short title

This Act may be cited as the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2012.

2.
Interpretation
(1)

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

“aircraft” has the meaning assigned to it under the Civil Aviation Act (Cap. 394)

“Cabinet Secretary” means the Cabinet Secretary for the time being responsible for matters relating to internal security;

“communication” means a information received or transmitted through the postal service or through a telecommunication system within the meaning of the Kenya Information and Communications Act (Cap. 411A);

“communications service provider” means a person who is licensed under the Kenya Information and Communications Act to provide postal or telecommunication services;

“competent authority” in relation to a foreign State, means the Attorney-General or the equivalent officer of that State;

“entity” means a person, group of persons, trust, partnership, fund or an unincorporated association or organization;

“financial institution” means any person or entity, which conducts as a business, one or more of the following activities or operations—

(a)

accepting deposits and other repayable funds from the public;

(b)

lending, including consumer credit, mortgage credit, factoring, with or without recourse, and financing of commercial transactions;

(c)

financial leasing;

(d)

transferring of funds or value, by any means, including both formal and informal channels;

(e)

issuing and managing means of payment (such as credit and debit cards, cheques, travellers’ cheques, money orders and bankers’ drafts and electronic money);

(f)

financial guarantees and commitments;

(g)

trading in—

(i)

money market instruments including cheques, bills, certificates of deposit and derivatives;

(ii)

foreign exchange;

(iii)

exchange, interest rate and index funds;

(iv)

transferable securities; or

(v)

commodity futures trading;

(h)

participation in securities issues and the provision of financial services related to such issues;

(i)

individual and collective portfolio management;

(j)

safekeeping and administration of cash or liquid securities on behalf of other persons;

(k)

otherwise investing, administering or managing funds or money on behalf of other persons;

(I)

underwriting and placement of life insurance and other investment related insurance;

(m)

money and currency changing;

“Financial Reporting Centre” means the Financial Reporting Centre established under section 21 of the Proceeds of Crime and Anti-Money Laundering Act (Cap. 59B);

“funds” mean assets of every kind, whether corporeal or incorporeal, tangible or intangible, movable or immovable and legal documents or instruments evidencing title to, or interest in such assets;

“Inspector-General” means the Inspector-General of the National Police Service appointed under Article 245 of the Constitution;

“master” in relation to a vessel, means the owner or person other than a harbour master or pilot having for the time being command or charge of the vessel;

“operator”, in relation to an aircraft, has the meaning assigned to it under the Civil Aviation Act (Cap. 394);

“property” means assets of every kind, whether corporeal or incorporeal, moveable or immoveable, tangible or intangible, and legal documents or instruments evidencing title to, or interest in such assets and includes funds;

“specified entity” means an entity in respect of which an order under section 3 has been made;

“terrorist act” means an act or threat of action—

(a)

which—

(i)

involves the use of violence against a person;

(ii)

endangers the life of a person, other than the person committing the action;

(iii)

creates a serious risk to the health or safety of the public or a section of the public;

(iv)

results in serious damage to property;

(v)

involves the use of firearms or explosives;

(vi)

involves the release of any dangerous, hazardous, toxic or radioactive substance or microbial or other biological agent or toxin into the environment;

(vii)

interferes with an electronic system resulting in the disruption of the provision of communication, financial, transport or other essential services;

(viii)

interferes or disrupts the provision of essential or emergency services;

(ix)

prejudices national security or public safety; and

(b)

which is carried out with the aim of—

(i)

intimidating or causing fear amongst members of the public or a section of the public; or

(ii)

intimidating or compelling the Government or international organization to do, or refrain from any act; or

(iii)

destabilizing the religious, political, Constitutional, economic or social institutions of a country, or an international organization:

Provided that an act which disrupts any services and is committed in pursuance of a protest, demonstration or stoppage of work shall be deemed not to be a terrorist act within the meaning of this definition so long as the act is not intended to result in any harm referred to in paragraph (a)(i) to (iv);

“terrorist group” means—

(a)

an entity that has as one of its activities and purposes, the committing of, or the facilitation of the commission of a terrorist act; or

(b)

a specified entity;

“terrorist property” means—

(a)

proceeds from the commission of a terrorist act, money or other property which has been, is being, or is intended to be used to commit a terrorist act;

(b)

money or other property which has been, is being, or is intended to be used by a terrorist group; or

(c)

any property belonging to a specified entity;

“vessel” means any thing made or adapted for the conveyance by water of people or property;

“weapon” includes a firearm within the meaning assigned to it under the Firearms Act (Cap. 114), explosive, chemical, biological, nuclear or other lethal device.

(2)

Despite subsection (1), until after the first elections under the Constitution, references in this Act to the expression “Cabinet Secretary” and “Principal Secretary” shall be construed to mean “Minister” and “Permanent Secretary” respectively.

PART II – SPECIFIED ENTITIES
PART III – OFFENCES
4.
Commission of a terrorist act
(1)

A person who carries out a terrorist act commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

(2)

Where a person carries out a terrorist act which results in the death of another person, such person is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for life.

6.
Possession of property for commission of terrorist acts

A person who possesses any property intending or knowing that it shall be used, whether directly or indirectly or in whole or in part, for the commission of, or facilitating the commission of a terrorist act, commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

7.
Arrangements for the retention or control of terrorist property

A person who knowingly enters into, or is involved in an arrangement to facilitate the retention or control by or on behalf of another person of terrorist property, including—

(a)

by concealment;

(b)

by a removal outside the jurisdiction of Kenya; or

(c)

by transfer to a nominee,

commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

8.
Dealing in property owned or controlled by terrorist groups
(1)

A person who knowingly—

(a)

deals directly or indirectly, in any property that is owned or controlled by or on behalf of a terrorist group;

(b)

enters into, or facilitates, directly or indirectly any transaction in respect of property referred to in paragraph (a); or

(c)

provides financial or other services in respect of property referred to in paragraph (a) at the direction of a terrorist group,

commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

(2)

A person under subsection (1) who proves that he took all reasonable action to satisfy himself that the property was not owned or controlled by or on behalf of a terrorist group shall not be liable in any civil action for any action taken under subsection (1) in relation to that property.

9.
Soliciting and giving of support to terrorist groups or for the commission of terrorist acts
(1)

A person who knowingly supports or solicits support for the commission of a terrorist act by any person or terrorist group commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1), support includes the provision of forged or falsified travel or other documents.

9A.
Facilitation of terrorist acts

A person who advocates, promotes, advises or facilitates with intent to commit a terrorist act, any act preparatory to a terrorist act, commits an offence and is liable, on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 61.]

10.
Harbouring of persons committing terrorist acts.

A person who harbours or conceals, or prevents, hinders or interferes with the arrest of a person knowing, or having reason to believe that such person—

(a)

has committed or intends to commit a terrorist act; or

(b)

is a member of a terrorist group,

commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

11.
Provision of weapons to terrorist groups

A person who knowingly offers to provide or provides a weapon to—

(a)

a terrorist group:

(b)

a member of a terrorist group; or

(c)

any other person, not being a member of a terrorist group, for use by that person to commit an offence under this Act,

commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

12.
Direction in the commission of a terrorist act

A person who, being a member of a terrorist group, directs or instructs any person to commit a terrorist act commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for life.

12B.
Possession of weapons in places of worship institution or public places

A person who, in any premises, institution or a public place, is in unlawful possession of a weapon, an improvised explosive device or components of an improvised explosive device, commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 62.]

12C.
Failure to prevent entry of weapons
(1)

Any person, who, being in charge of any premises, institution or public place within which illegal weapons are recovered, shall be deemed to be in possession of such weapons and shall be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

(2)

It shall be a defence if the person referred to in subsection (1) shows that he had no control over the entry of the weapons in any premises, institution or public place or he took appropriate step to prevent into the place of worship, institution or public place.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 62.]

12D.
Radicalisation.

A person who adopts or promotes an extreme belief system for the purpose of facilitating ideologically based violence to advance political, religious or social change commits an offence and is liable on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 62.]

13.
Recruitment of members of a terrorist group

A person who knowingly recruits or facilitates the recruitment of another person—

(a)

to be a member of a terrorist group; or

(b)

to commit or participate in the commission of a terrorist act,

commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

14.
Training and directing of terrorist groups and persons
(1)

A person who provides or facilitates the provision of training, or instruction to any person or member of a terrorist group—

(a)

in the making or use of a weapon;

(b)

in the carrying out of a terrorist act;

(c)

in the practice of military exercises or movements,

knowing that such training or instruction is intended for the use in the commission of a terrorist act commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

(2)

A person who receives training or instruction referred to in subsection (1) for the purpose of engaging or preparing to engage in the commission of a terrorist act commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

15.
Obstruction of justice
(1)

A person who carries out any act for the purpose of obstructing or hindering the cause of justice under this Act commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

(2)

A person who—

(a)

uses or threatens to use physical force;

(b)

intimidates;

(c)

dissuades or attempts to dissuade a person from giving evidence;

(d)

induces false evidence;

(e)

interferes with the production or giving of evidence; or

(f)

promises or offers a benefit,

in relation to a witness or any officer for the purpose of interfering with the judicial process commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

16.
Obstruction of officers

A person who willfully obstructs a public officer in the execution of his duties under this Act or a person lawfully acting under the direction of the officer commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

17.
Retaliation against witnesses

A person who does or omits to do any act against a person or a member of the family of a person in retaliation for the person having given information or evidence under this Act commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

18.
Intimidation

A person who, for the purpose of compelling another person—

(a)

to abstain from doing anything that the person has a lawful right to do under this Act; or

(b)

to do anything that the person has a lawful right to abstain from doing under this Act,

causes the person to reasonably fear for his safety or the safety of anyone known to him, commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

19.
Disclosure of information

A person who, knowing or having reasonable cause to suspect that an officer is conducting an investigation under this Act—

(a)

discloses to another person anything which is likely to prejudice the investigation; or

(b)

interferes with material which is relevant to the investigation,

commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

20.
False statements

A person who, with intent to mislead an officer under this Act, makes a statement knowing the same to be false commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

21.
Acts carried out for the commission of a terrorist act in foreign states

A person who, being in Kenya—

(a)

knowingly promotes or facilitates the commission of an act;

(b)

recruits another person to become a member of or serve in a body or association of persons whose objective is the commission of a terrorist act;

(c)

accumulates, stockpiles or otherwise keeps any weapons;

(d)

trains or participates in the training of a person in the use of weapons or in the practice of military exercises or movements;

(e)

receives training in the use of weapons or in the practice of military exercises or movements;

(f)

provides any money or goods to, or performs services for or on behalf of a person, body or association; or

(g)

receives or solicits money or goods or the performance of services,

for the purpose of carrying out or facilitating the commission of a terrorist act in a foreign State, commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

22.
Promotion of offences under this Act

A person who—

(a)

being the owner, occupier, lessee or in charge of any building premises or place, authorizes a meeting of persons to be held in that building, premises or place; or

(b)

being the owner, charterer, lessee, operator, agent or master or pilot of a vessel or aircraft authorizes the use of that vessel or aircraft,

for the purpose of committing an offence or organizing or facilitating the commission of an offence under this Act commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

24.
Membership of terrorist groups

A person who is a member of, or professes to be a member of a terrorist group commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

25.
Arrangement of meetings in support of terrorist groups

A person who organises, facilitates or assists in organising or facilitating a meeting knowing or having reason to believe—

(a)

the agenda of the meeting to be—

(i) the support of a terrorist group; or
(ii) the furtherance of the activities of a terrorist group; or
(b)

that the meeting shall be addressed by a person who belongs or professes to belong to a terrorist group,

commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

26.
Hoaxes

A person who issues any information that a terrorist act has been or is likely to be committed, knowing that the information is false, commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

27.
Incitement

A person who publishes, distributes or otherwise avails information intending to directly or indirectly incite another person or a group of persons to carry out a terrorist act commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

28.
Kidnapping and hostage taking

A person who, in committing a terrorist act—

(a)

seizes, detains or kidnaps a person; and

(b)

threatens to kill, injure or continue to detain that person in order to compel a third party to do or abstain from doing any act as an explicit or implicit condition for the release of the hostage,

commits an offence, and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

29.
Collection of information

A person who is a member of a terrorist group or who, in committing or in instigating, preparing or facilitating the commission of a terrorist act, holds, collects, generates or transmits information for the use in the commission of a terrorist act commits an offence, and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

30.
Possession of an article connected with an offence under this Act

A person who knowingly possesses an article or any information held on behalf of a person for the use in instigating the commission of, preparing to commit or committing a terrorist act commits an offence, and is liable, on conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

30A.
Publication of offending material
(1)

A person who publishes or utters a statement that is likely to be understood as directly or indirectly encouraging or inducing another person to commit or prepare to commit an act of terrorism commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.

(2)

For purposes of subsection (1), a statement is likely to be understood as directly or indirectly encouraging or inducing another person to commit or prepare to commit an act of terrorism if—

(a)

the circumstances and manner of the publications are such that it can reasonably be inferred that it was so intended; or

(b)

the intention is apparent from the contents of the statement.

(3)

For purposes of this section, it is irrelevant whether any person is in fact encouraged or induced to commit or prepare to commit an act of terrorism.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 64.]

30B.
Training or instruction for purposes of terrorism
(1)

A person who knowingly—

(a)

attends training or receives instructions at any place, whether in Kenya or outside Kenya; or

(b)

receives instruction or training on the use or handling of weapons,

that is wholly or partly intended for purposes connected with the commission or preparation for the commission of terrorist acts, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not less than ten years.

(2)

For purposes of subsection (1), it is irrelevant whether—

(a)

the person in fact receives the training; or

(b)

the instruction is provided for particular acts of terrorism.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 64.]

30C.
Presumption of travelling to a country for purposes of being trained as a terrorist
(1)

A person who travels to a country designated by the Cabinet Secretary to be a terrorist training country without passing through designated immigration entry or exit points shall be presumed to have travelled to that country to receive training in terrorism.

(2)

Despite subsection (1), a person who ordinarily resides in Kenya within an area bordering a designated country is exempt from the provisions of subsection (1).

(3)

For the purposes of this section, the Cabinet Secretary may, through regulations, designate any country to be a terrorist training country.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 64.]

30D.
Foreign terrorist fighters

A person who is not a Kenyan citizen who enters or passes through Kenya for purposes of engaging in terrorist activities in Kenya or elsewhere commits an offence and shall on conviction, be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding thirty years.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 64.]

30E.
Aiding and Abetting

A person who aids or abets the commission of an offence under this Act commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a term of imprisonment for a term not exceeding twenty years.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 64.]

30F.
Prohibition from broadcasting.
(1)

Any person who, without authorization from the National Police Service, broadcasts any information which undermines investigations or security operations relating to terrorism commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a term of imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to a fine not exceeding five million shillings, or both.

(2)

A person who publishes or broadcasts photographs of victims of a terrorist attack without the consent of the National Police Service and of the victim commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a term of imprisonment for a period not exceed three years or to a fine of five million shillings, or both.

(3)

Notwithstanding subsection (2) any person may publish or broadcast factual information of a general nature to the public.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 64.]

PART IV – INVESTIGATION OF OFFENCES
31.
Powers of arrest

A police officer may arrest a person where he has reasonable grounds to believe that such person has committed or is committing an offence under this Act.

34.
Power to gather information
(1)

In addition to any power conferred by any other written law, a police officer may, for the purpose of conducting an investigation in relation to the commission of an offence under this Act, apply ex parte to a Magistrate’s Court for an order for the gathering of information.

(2)

The Court may make an order under subsection (1) if—

(a)

there are reasonable grounds to believe that—

(i) an offence under this Act has been committed; and
(ii) the order is necessary for the purpose of obtaining information concerning the offence or the whereabouts of a person suspected by the police officer to have committed the offence; or
(b)

there are reasonable grounds to believe that—

(i) an offence is likely to be committed under this Act;
(ii) a person has direct and material information that relates to the offence under paragraph (i) or that may reveal the whereabouts of a person whom the police officer suspects is likely to commit that offence; and
(iii) reasonable attempts have been made to obtain the information referred to in paragraph (ii) from the suspect.
(3)

In making an order under subsection (3), the Court may—

(a)

require the examination of the person specified in the order;

(b)

require the attendance of the person specified in the order at such a place and time as the Court may specify for purpose of examination;

(c)

require the production before the Court, any information or material in the possession of the person specified in the order which is relevant to the investigation; or

(d)

impose such conditions as it may consider necessary including conditions for the protection of the interests of the person or third party specified in the order or for the safeguard of any investigation.

(4)

The Court may vary the conditions of an order made under this section.

(5)

Subject to Article 49(1)(d) of the Constitution, a person specified in an order issued under subsection (2) shall answer questions put to him by the police officer, and shall produce to the presiding magistrate any information or thing required to be produced by him under subsection (3)(c) but may refuse to do so if answering a question or producing the information or thing would disclose information that is protected by the law relating to non-disclosure of information or privilege.

(6)

The Court shall determine an objection or any issue relating to a refusal to answer a question or to produce information or thing under subsection (5).

(7)

A person shall not be excused from answering a question or producing a document or thing under subsection (6) on the ground that the answer or document or thing may incriminate the person or subject the person to any proceedings or penalty, but—

(a)

an answer given or document or thing produced under subsection (5) shall not be used or received against the person in any proceedings against that person, other than in a prosecution for perjury or giving false evidence; and

(b)

no evidence derived from the evidence obtained from the person shall be used or received against the person in any proceedings against that person, other than in a prosecution for perjury or giving false evidence.

(8)

A person shall have the right to retain and instruct counsel at any stage of the proceedings under this section.

(9)

The Court may, if satisfied that any document or article produced during an examination under this section is relevant to the investigation of any offence under this Act, make an order for the submission of that document or thing into the custody of the police officer or someone acting on behalf of the police officer.

36A.
Interception of communication by the National Security Organs
(1)

The National Security Organs may intercept communication for the purposes of detecting, deterring and disrupting terrorism in accordance with procedures to be prescribed by the Cabinet Secretary.

(2)

The Cabinet Secretary shall make regulations to give effect to subsection (1), and such regulations shall only take effect upon approval by the National Assembly.

(3)

The right to privacy under Article 31 of the Constitution shall be limited under this section for the purpose of intercepting communication directly relevant in the detecting, deterring and disrupting terrorism.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 69.]

37.
Power to seize property used in commission of terrorist acts
(1)

Where the Inspector-General has reasonable grounds to suspect that any property has been, or is being used for the purpose of committing an offence under this Act, he may make an ex parte application to the High Court supported by an affidavit, for an order to seize that property.]

(2)

Where it is not reasonably practicable, having regard to the urgency of the situation, the Inspector-General may, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) seize the property, provided that the Inspector-General shall, as soon as is practically possible, but not later than seventy two hours after seizing the property, make an application to the High Court for an order specified under subsection (1).

(3)

The High Court shall not determine an application under subsection (1) unless—

(a)

every person having an interest in the property has been given a reasonable opportunity to be heard; and

(b)

there are reasonable grounds to believe that the property has been, or is being used for the purpose of committing an offence under this Act.

(4)

Subject to subsection (5), an order for the detention of property made under subsection (3) shall be valid for a period of sixty days and may on application, be extended by the High Court for such further period as may be necessary to enable, where applicable, the production of the property in Court in proceedings for an offence under this Act in respect of that property.

(5)

The High Court may release any property seized under this section if—

(a)

the Court no longer has reasonable grounds to suspect that the property has been or is being used for the commission of an offence under this Act; or

(b)

no proceedings are instituted in the High Court for an offence under this Act in respect of that property within six months of the date of the detention order.

(6)

No civil or criminal proceedings shall lie personally against the Inspector-General for a seizure of property made in good faith under subsection (2).

PART V – TRIAL OF OFFENCES
39A.
Evidence

The Court shall have due regard to the authenticity and accuracy of the evidence presented before it without undue regard to technicalities of procedure.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 72.]

40.
Order for forfeiture of property on conviction of offences under this Act
(1)

Where a person is convicted of an offence under this Act, the Court may make an order that any property—

(a)

used for or in connection with; or

(b)

received as payment or reward for,

the commission of that offence, be forfeited to the State.

(2)

In making an order under subsection (1), the Court shall give every party who has an interest in the property an opportunity to be heard.

(3)

Property forfeited to the State under subsection (1) shall vest in the State—

(a)

if no appeal is filed within a period of fourteen days; or

(b)

if an appeal has been lodged against the order, on the confirmation of the order on appeal.

PART VI-MECHANISM FOR CO-ORDINATING COUNTER-TERRORISM MEASURES
40A.
Establishment of a counter-terrorism Centre
(1)

There is established a National Counter-Terrorism Centre, hereinafter referred to as the "Centre" which shall be an inter-agency body.

(2)

The Centre shall consist of offices from the following organisations—

(a)

the Director appointed by the National Security Council;

(b)

the National Intelligence Service;

(c)

the Kenya Defence Forces;

(d)

the Attorney-General;

(e)

Directorate of Immigration and Registration; the National Police Service; and

(f)

such other national agencies as may be determined by the National Security Council.

(3)

The members of the Centre specified under subsection (2) shall be seconded to the Centre for a period not exceeding three years.

(4)

The Director shall be responsible for the management and implementation of the functions of the Centre.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 74.]

40B.
Responsibilities of the Centre
(1)

The Centre shall be responsible for the co-ordination of national counter-terrorism efforts in order to detect, deter and disrupt terrorism acts.

(2)

Without prejudice to the provisions of subsection (1) the Centre shall—

(a)

establish a database to assist law enforcement agencies;

(b)

conduct public awareness on prevention of terrorism;

(c)

develop strategies such as counter and de-radicalization;

(d)

facilitate capacity building for counter-terrorism stakeholders ;

(e)

co-ordinate with other government agencies to provide security certification for aviation schools or companies.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 74.]

40C.
Responsibility of the public and government bodies
(1)

The Centre may request any person or government body for any information relating to terrorism.

(2)

Members of the public have a responsibility to furnish the Centre with any information relating to terrorism which is within their knowledge.

[Act No. 19 of 2014, s. 74.]

PART VII – MISCELLANEOUS
42.
Duty to disclose information relating to property of terrorist groups
(1)

A person who has information on—

(a)

the existence of any property in his or property used for commission of offences under this Act possession or control which is to his knowledge owned or controlled by or on behalf of a terrorist group; or

(b)

any information regarding a transaction or proposed transaction in respect of any property referred to in paragraph (a),

shall disclose that information to the Financial Reporting Centre.

(2)

Where a financial institution has reasonable grounds to believe that it holds any property or an account that is owned or controlled by or on behalf of a terrorist group or specified entity, it shall, disclose to the Financial Reporting Centre the particulars of—

(a)

the name, physical and postal address and occupation of the property owner;

(b)

a description of the property held;

(c)

the value of the property; and

(d)

such other information as the financial institution or the police officer shall consider necessary.

(3)

In addition to the requirements specified under subsection (2), every financial institution shall submit to the Financial Reporting Centre, information in relation to a transaction carried out which it has reasonable grounds to believe is intended to facilitate the commission of a terrorist act.

(4)

No civil or criminal proceedings shall lie against any person in respect of a disclosure or report made in good faith, under subsections (1), (2) or (3).

(5)

A person who fails to comply with the provisions of subsections (1), (2) or (3) commits an offence and is liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding one million shillings or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years.

43.
Orders for seizure and restraint of property
(1)

The High Court may, on an ex parte application supported by an affidavit and where there are reasonable grounds to believe that there is in any building, place or vessel, any property used for or in connection with or received as payment for the commission of an offence under this Act, issue—

(a)

a warrant authorizing a police officer to search the building, place or vessel and seize the property in respect of which the warrant is issued; or

(b)

a restraining order prohibiting any person from disposing of, or dealing with any interest in that property, other than as may be specified in the order.

(2)

The Court may, on an application made under subsection (1) and at the request of the Director of Public Prosecutions, if the circumstances so require—

(a)

appoint a person to take control of and manage or otherwise deal with the whole or a part of the property, in accordance with the directions of the Court; and

(b)

require any person having possession of the property to give possession thereof to the person appointed under paragraph (a).

(3)

The power to manage or otherwise deal with property under subsection (2) includes—

(a)

in the case of perishable or rapidly depreciating property, the power to sell or otherwise dispose of that property; and

(b)

in the case of property that has little or no value, the power to destroy that property.

(4)

A person shall not destroy property under subsection (3)(b) unless he has applied for, and obtained an order from the High Court for the destruction of the property.

(5)

A Court shall not make an order for destruction under subsection (4)unless—

(a)

a notice has been issued in such manner as the Court may direct, to any person who, in the opinion of the Court, appears to have an interest in the property; and

(b)

that person has been given a reasonable opportunity to be heard.

(6)

An order for the management of property under subsection (2)(a) shall cease to have effect if the property which is the subject of the order is returned to the owner in accordance with the relevant written law or forfeited to the State.

(7)

The Director of Public Prosecutions may, at any time, apply to the High Court for the cancellation or variation of a warrant or order issued under this section.

44.
Orders for forfeiture of property
(1)

The Director of Public Prosecutions may apply to the High Court for an order of forfeiture in respect of property that is—

(a)

owned or controlled by or on behalf of a terrorist group; or

(b)

used or intended to be used, in whole or in part in the commission of, or to facilitate the commission of a terrorist act.

(2)

The Director of Public Prosecutions shall issue a notice of an application under subsection (1)—

(a)

to the respondent in relation to the application; and

(b)

to any person who, in the opinion of the Court, appears to have an interest in the property,

in such manner as the Court may direct.

(3)

A person who has an interest in property under subsection (2)(b) may, on an application to the Court, be enjoined as a party to the application.

(4)

The Court may, where it is satisfied that the property in respect of which an application is made falls within the scope of subsection (1), make an order for the forfeiture of the property to the State and may issue such further orders for the disposition of the property as it considers appropriate.

(5)

The Court may, where it is satisfied that a person referred to under subsection (2)(b)—

(a)

has an interest in the property which is the subject of the application;

(b)

has exercised reasonable care to ensure that the property is not used to commit or facilitate the commission of a terrorist act; and

(c)

is not a member of a terrorist group,

make an order restraining any person from interfering with the property or interest in the property.

(6)

A person who—

(a)

has an interest in property against which an order for forfeiture has been issued under subsection (4); and

(b)

was not served with a notice under subsection (2)(b),

may apply to the High Court to vary or set aside the order made under subsection (4) within a period of sixty days from the date on which the order was made.

(7)

An order for the restraint, seizure or management of property under this Part shall continue in force pending the determination of an application under subsection (6) or an appeal against the decision of the Court.

46.
Refusal of applications for registration, and the revocation of registration, of associations linked to terrorist groups
(1)

The Cabinet Secretary may, where he has reasonable grounds to believe that a registered company or association or an applicant for registration as a company or association has made or is likely to make available, directly or indirectly, any resources in support of a terrorist group, issue an order to that effect in the prescribed form.

(2)

The Cabinet Secretary shall cause the order issued under subsection (1) to be served upon—

(a)

the relevant Registrar responsible for registration of the association; and

(b)

the applicant or the registered association, personally or by registered post sent to the last known address of the applicant or the registered association as the case may be.

(3)

The Cabinet Secretary shall, within a period of seven days from the date of service of the order under subsection (2)—

(a)

file a copy of the order in the High Court;

(b)

file an application for the confirmation of the order issued under subsection (1); and

(b)

cause to be served on the applicant or registered association, personally or by registered post sent to the last known address, a notice of the filing of the order and application.

(4)

The Cabinet Secretary shall cause to be served on the relevant Registrar, a notice of the filing of an application under subsection (3).

(5)

The Registrar shall not, where the notice served on him is in relation to a group of persons intending to be registered as an association, register that group as an association pending the determination of the application under subsection (3).

(6)

Upon receipt of an application under subsection (3) the High Court shall—

(a)

examine in chambers, the information including any security or criminal intelligence reports considered by the Cabinet Secretary before issuing an order, hear any evidence or information that may be presented by or on behalf of the Cabinet Secretary, and may on the request of the Cabinet Secretary, hear all or part of that evidence or information in the absence of the applicant or registered association, or any counsel representing the applicant or the registered association, if the Court is of the opinion that the disclosure of the information would be prejudicial to national security or endanger the safety of any person;

(b)

provide the applicant for registration or the registered association with a statement summarizing the information available to the Court so as to enable the applicant for registration or the registered association to be reasonably informed of the circumstances giving rise to the order, without disclosing any information the disclosure of which would, in the opinion of the Court, prejudice national security or endanger the safety of any person;

(c)

provide the applicant for registration or registered association with a reasonable opportunity to be heard; and

(d)

determine whether the order is reasonable on the basis of all the information available to the Court.

(7)

Where the Court determines that the order made by the Cabinet Secretary, under subsection (5) is reasonable, the Court shall confirm the order.

(8)

The Cabinet Secretary shall, by notice in the Gazette, publish a notice of the confirmation of the order by the High Court.

(9)

Upon the publication of the confirmation under subsection (8), the Registrar—

(a)

shall not register an applicant for registration; or

(b)

revoke or cancel the registration of an association.

(10)

An order issued by the Cabinet Secretary shall have no effect unless it is confirmed and published in accordance with this section.

47.
Provision of information relating to persons entering and leaving the country
(1)

Notwithstanding the provisions of any other written law, an—

(a)

operator of an aircraft or master of a vessel, departing from, or entering, Kenya; or

(b)

operator of an aircraft registered in Kenya or master of a vessel registered in Kenya and departing from any place outside Kenya,

shall, subject to rules made under subsection (4), provide—

(i) to the Director any information in his or her possession relating to persons on board or expected to be on board the aircraft or vessel, as the case may be; and
(ii) to the competent authority in a foreign state, any information in his or her possession relating to persons on board or expected to be on board the aircraft or vessel, as the case may be, and required by the laws of that foreign state.
(2)

The Director shall not use or disclose any information provided to him under subsection (1) for any other purpose except for national security or public safety.

(3)

The Cabinet Secretary may make regulations generally to give effect to the provisions of this section including regulations—

(a)

on the types or classes of information that may be provided under this section; or

(b)

the foreign states to which the information may be provided.

(4)

In this section, “Director” means the director appointed under section (4) of the Kenya Citizenship and Immigration Act (Cap. 172).

48.
Powers to refuse refugee application
(1)

The Commissioner for Refugee Affairs may, having regard to the interests of national security, public safety and the International Convention on Refugees, refuse the application of any person applying for status as a refugee, if the Commissioner has reasonable grounds to believe that the applicant has committed or is involved in the commission of a terrorist act.

(2)

In this section, “refugee” has the meaning assigned to it under the Refugees Act (Cap. 173).

49.
Compensation of Victims of Terrorism Fund
(1)

There is established a fund to be known as the Compensation of Victims of Terrorism Fund.

(2)

There shall be paid into the Fund—

(a)

such moneys as may be realized from any property forfeited to the State under this Act;

(b)

grants, gifts, donations or bequests received by the Fund with the approval of the Cabinet Secretary; and

(c)

such other moneys as may be payable to, or vested in, the Fund by virtue of any other written law.

(3)

Where any immovable property is assigned to the Fund under subsection (2)(a), the State shall deal with the property in such manner as it considers fit and may sell the property and use the proceeds of sale for the purposes for which the Fund is established.

(4)

Subject to this section, the Cabinet Secretary may, by regulations, provide for the management and administration of the Fund and for anything incidental to or connected therewith.

50.
Power to make rules
(1)

The Cabinet Secretary may make Regulations in respect of which regulations are required or authorised by this Act.

(2)

Where the Security Council of the United Nations decides, in pursuance of Article 41 of the Charter of the United Nations, on the measures to be employed to give effect to any of its decisions and calls upon member States to apply those measures, the Cabinet Secretary may by regulations make such previsions as may be necessary or expedient to enable those measures to be applied.

(3)

Where a regulation under subsection (2) declares that there are reasonable grounds to believe that an entity specified in that regulation is engaged in terrorist activity, that entity shall be deemed with effect from the date of publication of the regulation to have been declared a specified entity under section 3 of the Act.

(4)

Regulations made under this section shall be laid before the National Assembly.

51.
Amendment to Cap. 76

The Schedule to the Extradition (Contiguous and Foreign Countries) Act is amended by inserting before the item relating to “Piracy and Similar Offences” the following item—

Terrorist Offences

Any offence that constitutes a terrorist act under the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2012.

52.
Amendment to Cap. 77

The Schedule to the Extradition (Commonwealth Countries) Act is amended by inserting the following new item immediately after item 32—

53.
Amendment to Cap. 173

The Refugees Act is amended by deleting the word “notwithstanding” appearing in section 12(1) and substituting therefore the words “subject to”.