Point in Time
Act No: CAP. 470
Act Title: INCOME TAX
[ Date of commencement: 1st January, 1974. ]
[ Date of assent: 21st December, 1973. ]
Arrangement of Sections
PART I – PRELIMINARY
1.
Short title and commencement

This Act may be cited as the Income Tax Act, 1973 and shall, subject to the Sixth Schedule, come into operation on 1st January, 1974, and apply to assessments for the year of income 1974 and subsequent years of income.

PART II – IMPOSITION OF INCOME TAX
4A.
Income from businesses where foreign exchange loss or gain is realized
(1)

A foreign exchange gain or loss realized on or after the 1st January, 1989 in a business carried on in Kenya shall be taken into account as a trading receipt or deductible expenses in computing the gains and profits of that business for the year of income in which that gain or loss was realized:

Provided that—

(i)

no foreign exchange gain or loss shall be taken into account to the extent that taking that foreign exchange gain or loss into account would duplicate the amounts of gain or loss accrued in any prior year of income; and

(ii)

the foreign exchange loss shall be deferred (and not taken into account)—

(a) where the foreign exchange loss is realized by a company with respect to a loan from a person who, alone or together with four or fewer other persons, is in control of that company and the highest amount of all loans by that company outstanding at any time during the year of income is more than three times the sum of the revenue reserves retained earnings and the issued and paid up capital of all classes of shares of the company; or
(b) to the extent of any foreign exchange gain that would be realized if all foreign currency assets and liabilities of the business were disposed of or satisfied on the last day of the year of income and any foreign exchange loss so deferred shall be deemed realized in the next succeeding year of income.
(1A)

For the avoidance of doubt accumulated losses shall be taken into account in computing the amount of revenue reserves.

(2)

The amount of foreign exchange gain or loss shall be calculated in accordance with the difference between (a times r1) and (a times r2) where—

a

is the amount of foreign currency received, paid or otherwise computed with respect to a foreign currency asset or liability in the transaction in which the foreign exchange gain or loss is realized;

r1

is the applicable rate of exchange for that foreign currency (“a”) at the date of the transaction in which the foreign exchange gain or loss is realized;

r2

is the applicable rate of exchange for that foreign currency (“a”) at the date on which the foreign currency asset or liability was obtained or established or on the 30th December, 1988, whichever date is the later.

(3)

For the purposes of this section, no foreign exchange loss shall be deemed to be realized where a foreign currency asset or liability is disposed of or satisfied and within a period of sixty days a substantially similar foreign currency asset or liability is obtained or established.

(4)

For the purposes of this section—

“control” shall have the meaning ascribed to it in paragraph 32(1) of the Second Schedule;

“company” does not include a bank or a financial institution licensed under the Banking Act (Cap. 488);

“all loans” shall have the meaning assigned in section 16(3);

“foreign currency asset or liability” means an asset or liability denominated in, or the amount of which is otherwise determined by reference to, a currency other than the Kenya Shilling.